# The Main Principles Of Free Bitcoin Mining Game

Insteadthey went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin money, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around two million transactions every day. At the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear about bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. However, bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its like gold mining in that the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (like the gold exists underground), but they havent been introduced into the light yet (just as the golden hasnt been awakened ). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to perform so as a reward for creating blocks of confirmed transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a little, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer that runs the bitcoin applications and helps to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you simply download the bitcoin software (free) and also leave a certain port open (the downside is that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing takes up about 145GB).

One node will send information to some nodes which it knows, that will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. That way it ends up getting around the entire network pretty fast. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These set outstanding transactions into cubes and add them to the blockchain. How do they do so by solving a intricate mathematical puzzle that is a portion of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the data in the block and passed via a hash function, creates a result that is within a certain range.

(For fiction fans, this number is called a nonce, which is a concatenation of number employed once. In the case of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How do they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function which makes it impossible to predict exactly what the output will be. So, miners suppose the puzzle number and use the hash function to the combination of the guessed number and the data in the cube. The resulting hash must begin with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that make the intended result, or there might be none (in which case the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .

The first miner to acquire a resulting hash within the desirable range announces its success to the rest of the network. All the other miners immediately cease work on that block and start trying to figure out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for the own work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .

In the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing will be worth nearly \$200,000.

Though its not nearly as cushy a deal as it sounds. There are a lot of mining nodes competing for that reward, and it is a question of luck and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you're ).

Additionally, the expenses of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to the effective hardware needed (in case you've got a faster processor than your opponents, you've got a better chance of finding the correct number before they do), but also because of the large amounts of electricity that running discover this info here these chips consumes. .

And, the number of all bitcoins given as a reward for solving the mystery will decrease. Its 12.5 now, however, it halves every four years or so (the next one is expected in 2020-21). The worth of bitcoin relative to price of electricity and hardware could go up over the next few decades to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The problem of the calculation (the necessary number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so that it takes on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes that's the amount of time the bitcoin developers think is necessary to get a continuous and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million is reached (expected some time in 2140).